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Water pollution is everywhere. From the groundwater we drink to the surface water from the water bodies, the contamination of water is highly prevalent worldwide. Drinking such impure water can pose several alarming health risks and can weaken our immunity. This is why we have many technologies for water purification. But sometimes, even such purification systems remove the dirt, bacteria and other microbes along with the nutrients. So, what are the water pollution solutions?
Tackling the problem at its roots and preventing water pollution.
Before we explore more about what we can do to control water pollution, let’s get a clear understanding of the different ways through which water gets polluted.
Groundwater is getting polluted due to fertilizers and similar hazardous substances that seep into the soil and the groundwater. This contamination expands to the riverbeds, wells and water in the boreholes extracted by us for consumption.
Consuming this groundwater directly is risky for humans.
Another issue with the usage of fertilizers is that the plants’ growth can cause an imbalance in nature. The plants and other organisms thrive well in the right concentration of nutrients. But when the nutrient percentage increases in water bodies like rivers and lakes, it can cause algal blooming.
This growth of algae blocks the sunlight from entering the water and this poses a severe threat to the life of organisms that depend on oxygen to survive. On the other hand, the anaerobic microorganisms thrive and produce toxins like ammonia that could make the water harmful for all living organisms’ consumption.
The contamination of surface water can happen in many ways:
1. Accidental oil spills
2. Emptying hazardous industrial waste into water bodies
3. Discarded daily waste from homes like plastics that floats on the surface
Due to this contamination, the water quality drops down to a great extent and makes it undrinkable directly.
Chemical pollution includes the usage of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture. But that’s not the only cause. The metals and solvents dumped as waste from industries are also top contributors to water chemical pollution.
Water pollution is a major issue that’s already creating lots of confusion and problems in many countries. As responsible inhabitants of Earth, it’s our duty to do our part in preventing water pollution, at least as an individual. Here are a few water pollution solutions you can follow:
When the oil mixes with water, it imbalances the water properties and makes it hard for consumption. So, the next time you think of dumping that excess oil, grease or fat into the sink, take a step back and put it in the dustbin instead.
80% of the plastics present in the oceans are from the lands. This massive amount of plastics getting dumped in the ocean is making our water unfit to drink. Also, it causes severe harm to aquatic life and is the major reason for many sea animals to become extinct.
So, if we can reduce the usage of plastics at our home, we can do a small part in saving the water as well as the aquatic lives. We can start by reusing the plastic items we have in the home instead of disposing of it. The next time you’re planning to buy a plastic item, look for similar alternatives made of wood or any other sustainable material. Let’s begin today by cutting down the usage of plastic and making our home plastic-free soon.
Now that we know how precious water is let’s conserve water as much as possible. Here are a few things we can do:
1. Run the dishwasher only when it’s full.
2. Use minimum detergent for rinsing.
3. Reduce the usage of water per flush by installing a water-efficient toilet.
4. Turn off taps when it’s not in use, even if it’s just for a few seconds.
We tend to dispose of the old medications and drugs and household chemicals in the sink or the toilet. This is again a form of chemical water pollution.
Instead, you can approach the local bodies about hazardous waste collection and dispose of the chemicals properly. Similarly, the pills and medications should be disposed of with solid waste.
The household items like clothes, dental floss, tissues, wrappers and other papers are usually disposed of in the toilet in many houses. While it’s okay to flush the toilet paper as it breaks down easily in water, other such fibrous materials tend to pollute the water and can stay in the water for a very long time.
Use proper solid waste management practices to dispose of this stuff.
Even when we aren’t able to go out of our way and do good for our environment, we can implement such simple yet effective habits in our home and minimize water pollution.
Are you interested in doing more for our planet?
Join hands with us, the Plastic Collectors! We have our presence all over the world, working to reduce plastic waste and make our world a better place once again. Get in touch with us to know more about how you can be a part of the cause.